What Is a Bug Out Bag?

A Bug Out Bag is a survival kit designed to get you out of an emergency situation and survive for up to three days. The bags are sometimes called “Get Out of Dodge Bags,” “72-Hour Bags,” or by the initials “BOB” or “GOOD.” Although some survivalists create Bug Out Bags designed for longer than three days, there are limits to what you can carry on your back, which is why three days is a good place to start. A Bug Out Bag should include some basic items, but can include almost anything you believes they will need to survive for three days.

Water and Food

Water is one of the most basic needs for survival and medical experts say that one person needs at least one liter of water per day to survive. Therefore, your Bug Out Bag should include at least three liters of water. In addition, including some type of water purification system, such as iodine tablets or commercial purification kits can extend survival longer than three days. Collapsible water bottles for extra storage are another beneficial item should survival for more than three days be necessary. Freeze dried meals and energy bars are the best choice for food while in survival mode as they are easy to carry and light. They also provide you with an additional energy source when other types of food are scarce.

Shelter

One of the most important factors in survival is getting out of the elements, especially during extreme cold or heat and rain or snow. A tent or tarp with a method for setting it up and a ground tarp are important to keep you out of the elements. In addition, a sleeping bag or bedroll is necessary for warmth or padding should you be sleeping in rocky terrain.

First Aid Kit

Getting hurt is possible when in survival mode, which is why a first aid kit is critical. Although there are many things that may be necessary if injured, there are a few basic items that every Bug Out Bag should have. These include adhesive bandages, antibiotic ointment, gauze, tweezers, scissors and alcohol wipes. If you may need to survive in areas with poisonous snakes, a Sawyer extractor may be beneficial in a first aid kit as well.

Basic Supplies

There are a few basic supplies that are necessary for survival for a few days. A poncho or coat can help protect you from the rain. Fire is one of the basic things necessary for surviving for any length of time, so including waterproof matches in your Bug Out Bug can be beneficial. Add a flint as well in case your survival needs extend past three days. A small pot or large metal cup allows you to boil water and cook meals over the fire, although there are small, collapsible backpacking stoves available that may provide a better cooking source. Your Bug Out Bag should also include at least two dependable flashlights and extra batteries.

Protection

It is possible that you will need to use your Bug Out Bag in a situation where people may do crazy things. Therefore, you must be prepared to protect yourself. A knife is a versatile item to have in your Bug Out Bag, not only for protection, but because it provides other benefits as well. A firearm of some sort is also beneficial, although the choice of weapon is a highly personal matter. In addition, a large walking stick or club not only helps you navigate difficult terrain, it can also be used as weapon.

Although this list is far from comprehensive, it provides the basic necessities for survival for three days. By adding a few other items, the Bug Out Bag could sustain you for more than three days in an emergency situation.

The 5 Most Deadly Predators in America

North America is a relatively safe place to live when compared to other areas of the world in terms of political violence, disease, war and famine. In terms of deadly species, North America pales in comparison to places like Africa and Australia where deadly species seem to double almost overnight. After reading this, one might begin to assume that North America is free of any sort of threat, but that could not be further from the truth. North America is home to many deadly predators, the five most lethal of which are listed below.

Bears

While bear attacks in North America are fairly rare, there are several occurrences each year. Those attacked are typically people out fishing, hunting, or in bear habitats for other reasons. The vast majority of these bear attacks are unprovoked and can often be fatal. The species most likely to attack a human being in North America is the grizzly bear, who typically account for almost all fatal attacks on humans in the United States and Canada. While grizzly bears have attacked over 160 human beings since the 20th century, the black bear is responsible for 23 fatal attacks.

Bear attacks can be the result of hunger, territoriality, or a mother protecting her cubs. Grizzly bears are known to be fiercely protective of their cubs and will often attack if they feel that their cubs are in danger. Black bears are less protective, and may not attack even if a human has wandered very close to a black bear’s cubs. The worst bear attack in North America happened in May of 1978, when a black bear fatality injured three fisherman in Canada’s Algonquin Park.

For those lucky enough to survive a bear attack, recovery times vary based upon the extent of the injuries. This often involves long term rehabilitation and medical supervision, as the wounds are typically fairly severe and can succumb to infection.

Wolves

Unlike France, where there were a recorded 8,000 fatal wolf attacks on humans over a 500 year period, wolf attacks in North America are usually a pretty rare occurrence. When wolves do attack human beings, it is usually the result of a rabies infection, hunger, or can be defensive in nature.

There were several wolf attacks in North America in the years leading up to 1985. However, due to habitat destruction, wolf attacks are on the decline. While there are less wolf attacks than in previous years, that does not mean that they do not occur. There were fatal wolf attacks in Alaska and Canada as recent as 2005 and 2010.

Alligators

Alligator attacks in North America are most frequent in the south eastern parts of the United States. Florida saw a record three fatal alligator attacks in a one week period in 2013. Unlike wolf attacks, alligator attacks appear to be on the rise. The reason for this is mainly due to the reptile spending over 30 years on the endangered species list, which saw its numbers skyrocket. Further, alligator habitats are being destroyed, forcing humans and alligators to share more territory with one another.

In order to avoid an alligator attack, officials warn against going into the water during dawn and dusk when they typically hunt for food. Also, you should never feed an alligator so they continue to stay wary of human beings, which can help prevent future attacks.

Mountain Lion

Like the alligator, mountain lions are seeing a great deal of their territory destroyed, forcing them into closer contact with human beings. As a result, there have been an increase in mountain lion attacks in North America in recent years. Over the last one hundred years, there have been over 50 confirmed mountain lion attacks in North America. A number of these have been fatal, and the majority of these attacks have occurred in the last 20 years.

If you see a mountain lion, do not run from it. Instead, make an effort to look bigger and use a very firm voice. If you are attacked, you should not play dead, but fight back with all your strength. This is the only certain way to stop a mountain lion attack. Even then it does not always work.

Sharks

Shark attacks can be as terrifying as they are deadly. After all, rather than an attack on land, you are in their territory. Of the 108 shark attacks which have occurred in the Pacific Ocean in North America, most of those attacks have involved surfers and scuba divers. Attacks in the Atlantic have also been mostly confined to these groups, but also include a number of kayakers as well.

Shark attacks are quite often fatal due to the massive blood loss sustained by the victim, as well as being left to bleed out in warmer water. Authorities have warned against going into the ocean from sunset until dawn, as well as exercising extreme caution during these hours when the water is warmer than usual. There are techniques to help you survive a shark attack, but your best bet is to avoid them.

All the animals included on this list are responsible for taking a number of lives each year, earning them a spot on the list of North America’s most dangerous predators. However, if you exercise caution and common sense, chances are you will never become a meal.

Compound vs. Recurve Bow

A question dating back to the invention of the bow pulley system, the choice between a compound and recurve bow is a highly debated topic. Steering clear of biases, here are the differences you need to know before finally declaring your allegiance.

Structure

Made from metal parts, the compound bow is an intricate pulley cam system that moves the bow for the archer. There are two wheels, top and bottom, and a web of strings running along the length of the bow.

Basically the modern version of Robin Hood’s weapon, the recurve is merely one string attached to the tip and the rear. While many nowadays are built of metal, there are still just as many made from wood that incorporate metal components. One advantage is how easy they disassemble for easy transport.

Size

Though much shorter, the compounds are heavier due to all of the components. This makes them ideal for stealth in tight locations.

Generally longer and lighter, they average about 2 pounds and measure 60 inches. The lower weight makes them preferable for long trips.

Accessories

If you like outfitting your weapon with gadgets, compounds are the optimal choice. From sights to stabilizers, they can be outfitted with almost anything, making them incredibly customizable. Unfortunately, this also makes them more expensive, costing anywhere from $200 to $1,000.

Supported by purists, recurves are mostly left as is because many of the users prefer relying on their instinct over technology. While there are add-ons designed for recurves, there are not many, making them cheaper investments. They can cost anywhere from $200 to $800.

Draw

Compound bows are faster, shoot longer and are more accurate. All of these advantages come into play because of the pulley system that allows users to pull, hold and aim longer. The pulley system is designed to transfer as much energy as possible to the arrow, making it a much more powerful shot. Also, the strength needed to draw the string further and further back decreases as much as 80%, allowing archers the ability to keep the draw held longer while they take time to aim.

Recurve bows, however, do not have such a system. The further one pulls back, the heavier and harder it becomes, much like stretching a rubber band to its limits. This seriously decreases just how long the archer can aim while drawn.

Speed

As stated before, compound bows are faster, clocking in around 300FPS, which in turn makes the arrow fly faster and straighter.

Recurves have only been clocked in at around 200FPS even with the most powerful brands on market.

Maintenance

Because of its reliance on technology and its myriad of parts, it is no surprise that compound bows do not last a long time and constantly need to be maintained. Maintenance is also a hassle as restringing it requires a bow press, an item that does not travel well. Because of this, the bow can be rendered useless on a hunt if the string were to snap.

Recurves have been known to survive generations as they are simple and require very little maintenance. Properly cared for, the only thing that will need scheduled replacing is the string, a feat that can be performed quickly and easily with a bow stringer.

Training

Compounds require very little training and, thus, are the most popular type of bow in use. No matter the skill level, anyone can immediately pick one up and start to use it with rather accurate results.

Recurve bows, however, require dedicated archery practice to master, and even when you achieve mastery, you must continually practice to remain great.

What are Tannerite Targets

Do you like to shoot guns? Do you like big explosions? What if I told you that you could shoot a target with your high velocity gun/ammo (minimum 2,000 ft. per second) and make it explode without causing a fire! No, I’m not kidding. There is such a thing and it’s called Tannerite.

What exactly is a Tannerite target?

Tannerite brand binary rifle targets are a combination of “chemicals” that, when mixed properly according to the directions, will go BOOM without the risk of causing a fire. You are probably wondering how in the world can there be an explosion without a fire. Tannerite was designed in a way that when a bullet hits it at a high velocity, there is a chemical reaction that causes the effects of an explosion. It even comes equipped with a BIG BOOM and a large cloud of smoke at the end.

How does it work?

Tannerite brand binary rifle targets are a combination of two separate formulas. One is ammonium nitrate which is an oxidizer and the other is aluminum powder which is a fuel. They come in two separate containers so you have to mix the two together. After they are mixed into one container you need to shake the container well to produce the explosive effect. The combined formulas are stable so that they will withstand smaller impacts such as being dropped, thrown or being hit with low velocity without exploding. It can only be ignited by high velocity. In fact, you can even make tannerite yourself.

What if it’s not a solid hit?

If your shot is not a solid hit then your Tannerite target will not detonate. If you are shooting from close range then it shouldn’t be a problem. On the other hand, you may be shooting from long ranges exceeding 1,000 feet. If this is the case then one thing that can be done is to wrap your target in a brightly colored tape. That not only ensures that it makes the target easier to see from long range but it will also help prevent a leak due to a bad hit. Either way it goes these targets will only detonate if it is a solid shot.

Can a Tannerite target cause any damage?

Yes. If Tannerite targets are not used properly then damage can occur. CBS news reported in 2013 that a Minnesota man was killed due to the misuse of a Tannerite target. The victim was not the shooter. The target was apparently placed in or around a metal container and when the target was shot the man that was standing behind the shooter was hit with shrapnel. The target was mixed at a higher volume than directed by the instructions.

Tannerite brand binary rifle targets make a fun and interesting way to have target practice. It even makes a fun video of things that explode. It is extremely important however to follow all safety instruction when it comes to mixing and shooting your Tannerite targets.

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